Health

     

  

    

       

         

           
               
             

             
             

           

         

        
         
           

            
               What Is Nutritional Biohacking?   
            

            
               And how will it help improve your physique, performance and biological foundation   
            

            

           
         
        

       

    

  


          This Blog At A Glance…    The term ‘Biohacking’ is a broad term that can refer to many things these days. The first mention of the term was used back in 1988 in an article in the Washington post. This article actually discussed how biotechnology could be bought to the masses by ‘fiddling with the genetic code of a living organism’    Biohacking as it applies to your nutrition falls into the ‘Nutrigenomics’ category and involves everything you eat and drink which has a positive effect on how you think, how well you sleep, how much energy you have, how quickly you age, how you look, how you feel and how you perform.    The bottom line with nutritional biohacking is that it really just builds on the premise that our bodies are constantly changing, evolving and improving, and using what we have discovered through biohacking and nutrigenomics helps us do this better.    The right supplements, taken at the right time can be the cornerstone of the most dramatic of nutritional Biohacking transformations. They should never be used as a complete substitute for other more powerful ‘hacks’ but as the name would suggest, they should be used to ‘supplement’ them.    By using resources such as the ha’k:d website, our YouTube channel and various other social media channels available, our mission is to allow you to achieve your best transformational results through the most effective biohacking strategies, hints, tips, cheats and of course ‘hacks’.              Biohacking….a brief history    Whenever I speak to someone about Biohacking or mention in one of my conversations, podcast or videos that I am a ‘Biohacker’ I get most peoples reaction of …    “You do what?”    So, If you are new to the world of biohacking, have never heard the term before, are just slightly intrigued into how much this could be of benefit to you, or want to know if it is even a ‘thing’,  please let me explain some more….  ‘Hacking’ is everywhere today, and I am not just talking about the maleficent business of stealing other peoples personal details, identities, credit card details or breaking into someone computer and making them pay £££ to get it unlocked again.  ‘Hacking’, to give it the modern sense and understanding of the word is all about finding new, easier, more cost effective and better, clever ways of doing things.  These days this can range from getting more miles per gallon out of your car, slashing home heating bills, cutting your grocery shopping in half, getting more done in less time and of course improving your health by making changes to your daily sleep, exercise and nutrition habits.  Of course, the type of hacking we are interested in here at ha’k:d is all about this last one…. making changes to your lifestyle and nutrition in order to ‘hack’ your body’s biology to improve how it performs, grows, adapts and develops…. I give you Biohacking!!!     

  

    
       
      
         
          
             
                  
             
          

          

         
      
       
    

  


     The term ‘Biohacking’ is actually quite a broad term that can refer to many things these days. The first mention of the term was used back in 1988 in an article in the Washington post. This article actually discussed how biotechnology could be bought to the masses by ‘fiddling with the genetic code of a living organism’  [1]   Biohacking actually falls into three main categories. These are;    Do-it-yourself Biology    Grinder Biohacking    Nutrigenomics (Nutritional biohacking)    Biohacking, as it applies to your nutrition, falls into the ‘Nutrigenomics’ category and involves everything you eat and drink which has a positive effect on how you think, how well you sleep, how much energy you have, how quickly you age, how you look, how you feel and how you perform….  Don’t worry - I won’t blow your mind or confuse you further by going into the other two right now.  Nutritional Biohacking has come a long way since this early mention and ideas, and experts such as Dave Asprey and, of course, ha’k:d are developing a simple but effective way everyone can follow a positive biohacking lifestyle which will benefit them greatly, especially with regards to their nutrition choices.  But, in reality, nutritional biohacking is nothing new and has been around, although not in name, since our early forefathers started studying the effects of herbs and nutrients on the human body.   “Let food be thy medicine and medicine be thy food. “— Hippocrates (460BC — 370BC)    At ha’k:d we try and sharing our experiences, results, what some refer to as ‘secrets’, hacks, hints or tips to help our followers manipulate their body weight, body image, fitness, physique, performance and health all through their nutritional choices.  Trusts me, Nutritional Biohacking done properly will enable you to ensure all of these things not only become more positive in your life, but also allow you to do it far more easily, more quickly and more effectively.     

  

    
       
      
         
          
             
                  
             
          

          

         
      
       
    

  


     Why we need to ‘Biohack’ our nutrition today  Food is a huge part of our lives and of course provides all of the fuel and nutrients we need to grow, develop and survive.  If you do nothing else, you can improve the quality of your whole life by just paying more attention to what you put into your body, and of course what you leave out of your body.  Modern farming has changed dramatically over the last one hundred years, mainly to keep up with consumer demand, and this has had a massive impact on the quality of the nutrients we now consume, especially with the addition of chemical fertilisers and other toxic chemical sprayed onto the crops and injected into the meat we now eat.  It isn’t just farming, mass production manufacturing has now created ‘food like substances’ which don’t even resemble what even our grandparents wouldn’t recognise as real food. All these products are packed full of artificial colours, flavours and preservatives or crammed with toxic levels of sugar, whilst all of the naturally beneficial nutrients, such as fat, are removed, with fat free everything!  It really should be no surprise that we are experiencing mass epidemics in poor health conditions, obesity, food intolerances, IBS and a rise in even premature deaths, and a lot of this can be traced back to our food and eating habits.  By being more aware of what you are eating and drinking, what’s in it and where it has come from, eliminating things like artificial ingredients and refined sugars you can go a long way to reducing and reversing any negative effects your diet may be currently having and begin to thrive.     

  

    
       
      
         
          
             
                  
             
          

          

         
      
       
    

  


     What results can you get by ‘Biohacking’ your nutrition?  As I have mentioned, if you learn the secrets (or should I say ‘hacks’) to Biohacking your nutrition properly you can improve your results, and get them quickly and more efficiently in many different areas such as;    Quicker and more permanent weight and fat loss    Increased muscle and strength gain    Greater, more balanced energy levels    Better athletic performance    Increased growth hormone and testosterone levels    Better endurance    Better Sleep    Clearer Skin    Improve digestion and digestive issues such as IBS, Leaky Gut Syndrome, etc.    Balanced hormones    Better mood and motivation    This list, of course, is not exhaustive and continues to expand the more people experiment and the more we study and understand how different foods, herbs and compounds interact with our bodies.  The bottom line with this style of biohacking though is that it really just builds on the premise that our bodies are constantly changing, evolving and improving, and using what we have discovered through biohacking and nutrigenomics helps us do this better, quicker and a little easier.  Biohacking also offers us the freedom to explore our own biology, without the pressure of having to listen to the ‘experts’, the doctors, traditional nutritionist and personal trainers. Nutritional Biohacking allows you to dig deep into the results you can get for yourself, just by becoming interested in how small changes in what you eat can make a huge difference to you.  Food, exercise, sleep and supplementation can change your body’s function and nutrigenomics involves learning how these interactions work for the best for you.  No matter how deep you decide to explore into this nutritional rabbit hole, everybody can get something from this form of biohacking. It doesn’t have to be complicated, restrictive, expensive or invasive.  It’s more just about being a little smarter with our nutrition and fuelling our bodies in creative new ways, and most of all taking more responsibility for our own biological development.     

  

    
       
      
         
          
             
                  
             
          

          

         
      
       
    

  


     How to begin your nutritional biohacking journey.  The good news is, and what makes nutritional biohacking so popular, is that you don’t need to employ the services of a dodgy chemist, mad scientist or techno-nerd who who’d love nothing more than adding implants into your brain or running crazy experiments on your mind and body to get these positive results.  In reality, it really isn’t that glamorous, instead it means learning and using various shortcuts or ‘hacks’ with what you eat, drink and supplement with to see how it can change and improve your physique, your performance and overall biological foundation (otherwise known as your health).  As complicated, technical and futuristic as it may sound, gadgets and technology are also not necessary to make the most out of your nutritional Biohacking experience. On the contrary, I find that the best way is to actually strip back what you are currently doing to its very basic level and question everything by always asking yourself ‘why’.  By looking at what you are eating and drinking and asking yourself the simple question of ‘why am I doing this’? and ‘Why does this effect my body, mood, energy levels, mind, digestion, etc. etc. in this way’? you can then begin to make even the smallest, but necessary changes to get the specific, or overall, improvements you are after, such as fat loss or muscle growth.  You should also be asking yourself if there is a better, quicker or easier way to achieve what you want and what are the pros and cons of adopting this new way?  This can cover everything from using caffeine to your advantage, adding more fat to your diet or adopting an intermittent fasting style of eating for faster fat loss and a whole host of improved health benefits.  The basic rule is;   “If it is working for you then stick with it….If it isn’t then ditch it and find a better way’”   ..and yes, this is despite what anyone else will tell you that you should be doing!  Move onto the next area you want to improve and do the same. Do your research from sources you can trust and adopt a new nutritional lifestyle little by little and you will be sure to make the positive differences you want and need - quicker, better and more effectively.  Of course, this can be time consuming and a bit of a minefield when first starting out, knowing where to begin for the best.  This is where nutritional Biohackers and coaches like me can help and advise you - to get you on the right path to Biohacking greatness and the best, easiest, most effective results you may have ever achieved, all through the benefit of our experience and already tried and trusted ways.  By using resources such as the ha’k:d website, our YouTube channel and various other social media channels available, our mission is to allow you to achieve your best transformational results through the most effective biohacking strategies, hints, tips, cheats and of course ‘hacks’.     

  

    
       
      
         
          
             
                  
             
          

          

         
      
       
    

  


     The role of supplements for Biohacking.  Whether you love them, hate them, use them or avoid them like the plague, the right supplements, taken at the right time can be the cornerstone of the most dramatic of nutritional Biohacking transformations you will experience.  They should never be used as a complete substitute for other more powerful ‘hacks’ but as the name would suggest, they should be used to ‘supplement’ them.  Of course, as everyone will tell you, supplements are not essential to transform your physique, performance or biological foundation and health but then neither are any of the ‘hacks’ in the world of Biohacking.  If you haven’t caught up already, nutritional Biohacking is about doing the things that make your efforts to achieve improvements in your body quicker, easier, more cost effective and better, and this is where really effective supplements really come into their own.  With supplements, there comes a bit more of the ‘pros and cons’ balancing act which will determine what types and what brands of supplement you include into your Biohacking regime.  To give an example of just two very popular types of supplements which people use - Whey protein and Fat burners - they may help you achieve what they say they will, such as helping to build muscle and strip body fat, but if they do this by negatively impacting on your digestive system (which a lot of cheap Whey proteins can do) or do irreparable image to any other part of your metabolism or body’s normal way of functioning then they are actually probably best avoided for the sake of your long term biological health and sustained results.  Without going too deep into what I consider to be the most effective supplements that you should try to help Biohack yourself (as I think this deserves an article all of its own) a few that have been shown to be the most effective include;    Nootropics    Probiotics    BCAAs    Creatine    Thermogenic Fat Burners    Testosterone boosters    Which supplement you choose will obviously depend on what results you want and a number of factors, including type and amounts of specific, and proven to work, ingredients. Also combining specific supplements together can give a greater effect than if used on their own, and provide you with more bang for your buck if used properly.     

  

    
       
      
         
          
             
                  
             
          

          

         
      
       
    

  


     In summary.  There is a belief (and certain skepticism) especially amongst some scientists, doctors and medical professionals that researching and altering your nutrition, sleep and exercise routines beyond the basic ‘eat less and move more’ mentality has actually very little effect on your body compared to the difference modern medicines or drugs can provide.  In my opinion and experience, I am here to tell you that this is, of course, a completely false assumption to make, and although not always proven in a way to satisfy ‘scientific research’ there are plenty of anecdotal studies and personal experience stories proving that nutritional Biohacking can be an extremely effective way of improving your physique, your performance and even give you the answers to health concerns that you may have suffered from for years.   “You already have everything you need, you just need to work out how to use it”   Figuring out easier, quicker and more effective ways of getting to your goals should be a fun and interesting process too, it should be exciting to see how you may be able to maximise your physical potential through more natural means, working with your body instead of against it all of the time, It is important to remember that this is a process, which is there to improve your life not dominate it to the point of obsession and anxiety around everything you are eating, drinking and supplementing with.  There is also no need to go to extremes and seek out weird, wacky and probably very expensive ways of hacking yourself, particularly if it involves pushing your body to extreme limits or using chemical and technological enhancements to do things your body may not have been designed to do.  To begin this process properly, I would always recommend taking a completely natural approach to your nutritional and supplementation Biohacking. Start asking questions and do your research - note down how some foods and supplements make you feel and what effects they have on your results - this can take anywhere from a few days to a few months to really understand the true effects. Also try experimenting with when you eat (and when you don’t) as you may discover that eating in a particular ‘eating window’ such as in an intermittent fasting style makes you far more productive with work and training.  Finally you should remember that transforming yourself through experimentation and nutritional biohacking is a journey of experience and finding what works for you. It will take time, may become a little frustrating at times and may require a bit of effort, It is not an exact ‘science’, but it is a journey that could make your life so much more phenomenal and will be so worth it.  Start (bio)hacking into your true potential and see how much better you will look, feel and perform - in 6 months from now you will wish you started today!     

  

    
       
      
         
          
             
                  
             
          

          

         
      
       
    

  


       References;     Michael Schrage. Playing God In Your Basement. Washing post. 31/01/1988   https://www.washingtonpost.com/archive/opinions/1988/01/31/playing-god-in-your-basement/618f174d-fc11-47b3-a8db-fae1b8340c67/?noredirect=on&utm_term=.5b4deadb224e

Biohacking as it applies to your nutrition falls into the ‘Nutrigenomics’ category and involves everything you eat and drink which has a positive effect on how you think, how well you sleep, how much energy you have, how quickly you age, how you look, how you feel and how you perform.

     

  

    

       

         

           
               
             

             
             

           

         

        
         
           

            
               The Power of Taking Probiotics   
            

            
               Discover how a simple little pill can transform your gut, digestive and overall health   
            

            

           
         
        

       

    

  


          This Blog At A Glance…    The word ‘probiotic’ comes from the Greek words pro, meaning ‘promoting’ and biotic, meaning ‘life’. If you haven't discovered them yet, I urge you to read on and see what a difference they could take to your overall health and life.    Anyone who suffers from any regular ill health or ailments such as acne, eczema, rashes, hives, diarrhoea, irritable bowel syndrome or other bowel disorders, or your daily routine is riddled with depression, irritability, anxiety and stress, it is most likely they have poor digestion and nutrient absorption linked to an imbalance or lack of good bacteria.    Improving digestion and nutrient absorption probiotics ensure your body functions properly by receiving vital vitamins, minerals, fats and amino acids from the foods you are eating. They are also required for generating certain B and K vitamins, folates and short chain fatty acids.    By increasing your healthy gut bacteria it will train your immune system to determine the good microbes from the ones that cause you damage and are making you unwell, making probiotics the best front line defence against infection.             What are probiotics?    Years ago I began to study, research and listen to comments from clients, customers, friends and family about how probiotic supplements have helped them relieve, and in some cases eradicate altogether, ( insert your chosen health problem or ailment here ) and realised how beneficial they are for everyone to take regularly.  The more I found out, the more I realised how important these tiny micro-organisms are to our health and well-being and how much they can benefit weight loss, digestive health, immune function and more. [1]   If you have ever taken a good quality probiotic supplements you will already know how powerful they are and the difference to how they make you feel just so much…better!  The word probiotic comes from the Greek words pro, meaning ‘promoting’ and biotic, meaning ‘life’.  If you haven't discovered them yet, I urge you to read on and see what a difference they could take to your overall health and life.  Probiotics are basically micro-organisms that reside in our intestines and are a completely natural part of our body’s defence system. These are the ‘good’ bacteria that help fight and keep in check the number of pathogenic microorganisms and harmful bacteria that can cause numerous health problems. [2]      

  

    
       
      
         
          
             
                  
             
          

          

         
      
       
    

  


     What do probiotics do?  The main role of probiotics, as they inhabit the intestines, is to aid digestion and assist in vital nutrient absorption, contributing to proper biological function throughout the stomach and intestines.  If you suffer from any regular ill health or ailments such as acne, eczema, rashes, hives, diarrhoea, irritable bowel syndrome or other bowel disorders, or your daily routine is riddled with depression, irritability, anxiety and stress, it is most likely due to poor digestion and nutrient absorption linked to an imbalance or lack of good bacteria. [3]   To improve any health, mood, performance or physical problems your nutrition should be the number factor you should be looking at, But, not just what you are eating, what you are actually absorbing and what you body is actually able to use. In order to achieve better absorption you could do a lot worse than experimenting with ways to increase the friendly bacteria in your system, through either eating fermented foods, or more conveniently, supplementing with probiotic supplements to increase your probiotic levels.  Research into the positive effects of probiotic supplementation has been extensive and has shown great benefits for an array of health conditions ranging from asthma, allergies, digestive and bowel disorders, skin problems and urinary infections.  Adding in more healthy bacteria you can literally crowd out the bad bacteria’s ability to thrive, inhibiting its ability to cause infection, inflammation, and disease.  Improving digestion and nutrient absorption probiotics ensure your body functions properly by receiving vital vitamins, minerals, fats and amino acids from the foods you are eating. They are also required for generating certain B and K vitamins, folates and short chain fatty acids.     

  

    
       
      
         
          
             
                  
             
          

          

         
      
       
    

  


     Probiotics for fat and weight loss.  Studies have shown that probiotics may actually help with fat and weight loss through the number of different ways that they affect processes in the body. For instance, some dietary fat in the intestine is actually prevented from being absorbed from some strains of probiotics. This fat is then excreted through waste, as opposed to being stored as fat in the body. [4]   Some probiotics also cause an increase in certain hormones in the body responsible for making you feel fuller for longer and can actually burn more calories.  More than this, fat and weight loss can also be directly effected by probiotic supplementation. In one study, dieting women who took a strain of Lactobacillus for a 3 month period and lost 50% more weight than women who didn't take this probiotic. [5]    Probiotics for digestion and bowel health.  This is the main reason a lot of people start taking probiotics, as a result of suffering from inflammatory bowel conditions which effect their digestive system, such as irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), Leaky gut, Crohn’s disease and Ulcerative Colitis, which it is estimated currently effect over a quarter of a million people in the UK. [6]   This is, unsurprisingly, one of the main areas of study for probiotics and it has been found that certain types of Bifidobacterium and Lactobacillus strains have improved symptoms in people with mild ulcerative colitis.[6]  Whatever you may (or may not) be suffering from a great deal of research suggest that probiotics may have great benefits for a range of bowel disorders, including IBS and those listed above. [7]      

  

    
       
      
         
          
             
                  
             
          

          

         
      
       
    

  


     Probiotics after taking Antibiotics.  The body literally thrives when in a balanced and is constantly fighting to adapt and bring about that balance.  If you have ever been prescribed and taken antibiotics you will have more than likely  (almost certainly) depleted your good bacteria to very low, ineffective levels. If we look back once again to Greek meanings, Antibiotics literally translates as ‘anti-life’ which is obviously the exact opposite of probiotics. They are designed to kill all bacteria indiscriminately, not just the bad stuff.  Taking antibiotics is like dropping an ‘A’ bomb on your immune system, which in most cases never properly recovers….unlike the bad bacteria, which unfortunately seem to thrive and multiply quite quickly after, causing an obvious imbalance.  Just one side effect of having all of your gut bacteria being unbalanced by antibiotics is diarrhoea. However to counteract this, several studies suggest probiotic use is associated with a reduced risk of antibiotic-associated diarrhoea.  In one study, researchers found that taking probiotics reduced antibiotic-associated diarrhoea by 42%. [8]     Probiotics to boost your immune system.  If you get colds or flu symptoms regularly, each year, or catch everything that is going no matter what you do, you may want to try supplementing your diet with a good quality probiotic supplement.  By increasing your healthy gut bacteria it will train your immune system to determine the good microbes from the ones that cause you damage and are making you unwell, making probiotics the best front line defence against infection.  Some probiotics have been shown to promote the production of the bodies natural antibodies, boosting immune cells that actually hunt down and kill harmful bacteria that make us unwell.  Studies have determined that taking probiotics can reduce the likelihood of catching , as well as the duration of, respiratory infections. One particular study found that taking a particular Lactobacillus strain reduced the frequency and severity of respiratory infections by 17% in the 570 children tested. [9]    What else can probiotics and a healthy gut do for us?  The latest research into how probiotics can help us has also suggested that there is a link between the bacteria in our digestive system and our brains. Called the ‘gut-brain’ connection, researchers at the University of California, Los Angeles have proven that by optimising the levels of healthy bacteria in the gut we will improve neurotransmitter function.  This has been shown to reduce anxiety, depression, and stress and may even improve the ability to learn, memorise and focus our minds during stressful situations.  The conclusion of reviewing 15 human studies determined that supplementing with Bifidobacterium and Lactobacillus strains for 1–2 months can improve anxiety, depression, autism, and even obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD). [10]   Further research papers have also linked pretty much every health condition in some way to either a failing immune system or the lack of healthy bacteria in our gut.  It has been suggested that our gut bacteria literally 'talk' to our DNA, telling our cells when to replicate, how to replicate and when to die. This process is of course important in protecting ourselves against rogue cells which could then go on to become cancerous (if the immune system doesn't catch them first).     

  

    
       
      
         
          
             
                  
             
          

          

         
      
       
    

  


     How should you get started increasing your healthy bacteria levels?  If you decide that you should try supplementing with probiotics to improve your health, which let’s face it, why wouldn’t you in the face of all of the overwhelming research? Then there are a number of things you will want to look for to ensure you get the best results.  Firstly, any foods that claim to contain probiotic cultures (such as commercial yoghurts) are pretty ineffective as they are normally in very low bacteria which never survive the digestion process, so never get where they need to go to make a difference.  It is pretty pointless eating a 'probiotic' which will be digested by our stomach acid and killed off before reaching the gut. Remember - Probiotics need to be alive to do their job!  Probiotics need to be taken in capsule form and have a thicker than normal coating to resist the stomach acid and deliver them exactly where you need them..... ALIVE !  The next thing to check is how many strains and number of live cultures each capsule provides. The general rule of thumb is the more the better and the stronger the better. You can’t really overdose on probiotics (unless you have a serious gut disorder) as they are a natural part of the bodies make-up and we have on average ten times the amount of bacteria than we have cells in our bodies at any one time, so overdosing on too many is extremely difficult!  Excess amounts are simply excreted in a normal functioning digestive system, but as with anything, it is always best to start slowly and build up if necessary. A lot of the people I have advised to take probiotics have experienced great results by using a capsule with 20 Billion live micro-organisms split into 8 strains. These strains are simply the different groups, families and cultures of bacteria that aid the digestive and protective processes within the body, so again, the more the better.  You really do get what you pay for in the supplement industry so you should try to ensure you are taking the best form of probiotic supplements to get the best results.  Finally, as with any supplements you take, ensure it is from a trusted, high-quality source, cheap supplements may seem like you are getting a good deal, but you very much get what you pay for and spending just a few pounds on a cheap supplement will be a complete waste of those few pounds.    References;     Chapman CM, Gibson GR, Rowland I. Health benefits of probiotics: are mixtures more effective than single strains? Eur J Nutr. 2011 Feb;50(1):1-17. doi: 10.1007/s00394-010-0166-z. Epub 2011 Jan 13.    Hill C, Guarner F, Reid G, Gibson GR, Merenstein DJ, Pot B, Morelli L, Canani RB, Flint HJ, Salminen S, Calder PC, Sanders ME. Expert consensus document. The International Scientific Association for Probiotics and Prebiotics consensus statement on the scope and appropriate use of the term probiotic. Nat Rev Gastroenterol Hepatol. 2014 Aug;11(8):506-14.    Clemente JC, Ursell LK, Parfrey LW, Knight R. The impact of the gut microbiota on human health: an integrative view. Cell. 2012 Mar 16;148(6):1258-70. doi: 10.1016/j.cell.2012.01.035.    Angelakis E, Merhej V, Raoult D. Related actions of probiotics and antibiotics on gut microbiota and weight modification. Lancet Infect Dis. 2013 Oct;13(10):889-99. doi: 10.1016/S1473-3099(13)70179-8.    Sanchez M, Darimont C, Drapeau V, Emady-Azar S, Lepage M, Rezzonico E, Ngom-Bru C, Berger B, Philippe L, Ammon-Zuffrey C, Leone P, Chevrier G, St-Amand  E, Marette A, Doré J, Tremblay A. Effect of Lactobacillus rhamnosus supplementation on weight loss and maintenance in obese men and women. Br J Nutr. 2014 Apr 28;111(8):1507-19.    Saez-Lara MJ, Gomez-Llorente C, Plaza-Diaz J, Gil A. The role of probiotic lactic acid bacteria and bifidobacteria in the prevention and treatment of inflammatory bowel disease and other related diseases: a systematic review of randomized human clinical trials. Biomed Res Int. 2015;2015:505878. doi: 10.1155/2015/505878. Epub 2015 Feb 22.    Moayyedi P, Ford AC, Talley NJ, Cremonini F, Foxx-Orenstein AE, Brandt LJ, Quigley EM. The efficacy of probiotics in the treatment of irritable bowel syndrome: a systematic review. Gut. 2010 Mar;59(3):325-32.    Hempel S, Newberry SJ, Maher AR, Wang Z, Miles JN, Shanman R, Johnsen B, Shekelle PG. Probiotics for the prevention and treatment of antibiotic-associated diarrhoea: a systematic review and meta-analysis. JAMA. 2012 May.    Hatakka K, Savilahti E, Pönkä A, Meurman JH, Poussa T, Näse L, Saxelin M, Korpela R. Effect of long term consumption of probiotic milk on infections in children attending day care centres: double blind, randomised trial. BMJ. 2001.    Wang H, Lee IS, Braun C, Enck P. Effect of Probiotics on Central Nervous System Functions in Animals and Humans: A Systematic Review. J Neurogastroenterol Motil. 2016.        

  

    
       
      
         
          
             
                  
             
          

          

         
      
       
    

  


    

 
   
     
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Probiotics are basically micro-organisms that reside in our intestines and are a completely natural part of our body’s defence system. These are the ‘good’ bacteria that help fight and keep in check the number of pathogenic microorganisms and harmful bacteria that can cause numerous health problems.